Important Islamic Jurisprudence
|..:: Important Islamic Jurisprudence Terminology ::..
» Fard – Obligatory:
An act commanded by Allah in the Holy Qur’an is known as Fard. The following explains a Fard in detail:
a. An act that is obligatory to be executed
» Wajib – Necessary:
An act that is almost as compulsory as a Fard. The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam never omitted it. It is a graded second, below a Fard in its necessity.
a. An act that is compulsory to do.
“Sunnat” generally means: an act done or liked by the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam in relation to worship. One shall gain reward for performing a Sunnah, but there is no sin of on omits it. However, to continually omit it is a sin, and if one shows dissatisfaction to a Sunnah, then this is kufr (disbelief).
a. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkada is an act necessary to perform.
» Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah:
a. If it is performed one shall reap reward.
a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah)
a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah.
» Haram – Unlawful:
a. Totally forbidden in Islam.
“Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law.
a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from.
a. An act that is necessary to avoid.
a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah.
It is best to avoid such acts, but if done then there is no sin or punishment. It is considered the opposite of Mustahab.